Smile! February is pets' dental health month
"Doggie breath” could be a
sign of life-threatening disease
Act now before it's too late!
Dog dental Statistics |
Signs of possible dental disease in your pet
Top five (5) signs of dental pain in pets | Plaque on your pet’s teeth can cause irreversible Gum Disease and other Serious Health Problems | Tips to help keep your pet’s teeth and gums in great shape
Dog dental Statistics
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Signs of possible dental disease in your pet
If you notice any of the signs or symptoms in the chart below in your pet, it’s time to make an appointment with your vet to prevent a dental problem from negatively impacting your dog’s health and quality of life.
Top five (5) signs of dental pain in pets
Since our animal companions can’t talk to us and are stoic even in the face of significant discomfort, it’s important to learn to look for other clues. There are five primary signs of dental pain in pets:
1. No signs at all
Dogs and other companion animals rarely show signs of dental pain. This is a survival mechanism, an instinctual behavior that our domesticated animals have in common with their wild ancestors.
2. Bad breath
The odor is a byproduct of the bacterial metabolic process. In pets with periodontal disease, there are more bacteria in the mouth, and so the odor increases. “Doggy breath” is not normal and needs to be evaluated.
3. Altered behavior
Chewing on one side of the mouth, dropping food, running away from the food dish, crying when yawning, hiding, not grooming themselves and acting “grumpy” are all signs of dental pain. You know your pet better than anyone, so look for abnormal behaviors.
Bleeding from the mouth is usually due to Periodontal Disease, or Stomatitis, but it could also be evidence of fractured teeth, lacerations or ulcers on the tongue or gum tissue or the presence of an oral mass. Look for thick, ropey saliva, spots of blood found on toys or beds or drops of blood in the water or food dish. If the periodontal disease is severe enough, you may notice bleeding from the nose or bloody discharge when your pet sneezes.
5. Return to normal
Once your vet addresses your pet’s oral issues, your pooch may show he’s feeling better by acting like a puppy again and seek extra attention.
I would add that if you can see red, inflamed gums in your pet’s mouth, or teeth with an obvious buildup of brown or greenish Plaque and Calculus, you can assume that if your dog isn’t already in pain, he soon will be without veterinary intervention.
Plaque on your pet’s teeth can cause irreversible Gum Disease and other Serious Health Problems
When plaque is allowed to build up on your dog’s or cat’s teeth, within a few days it hardens into caculus. Calculus adheres to the teeth and irritates the gums. Irritated gums result in an inflammatory condition called Gingivitis. Pets with gingivitis have red rather than pink gums, and they often also have stinky breath.
If the calculus isn’t removed from your pet’s teeth, it builds up under the gums, eventually causing them to pull away from the teeth. This creates small pockets in the gum tissue that trap additional bacteria in the mouth. At this stage, your pet has developed an irreversible condition called Periodontal Disease, which not only causes considerable pain, but can also result in abscesses, infections, loose teeth and bone loss.
How quickly this process takes place in your pet’s mouth depends on a number of factors, including her age, overall health, diet, breed, genetics, and the frequency and quality of dental care she receives. Your pet’s oral health affects more than just her mouth. Studies have proved a conclusive link between gum disease and Heart Disease in Humans and Dogs.
Researchers also suspect certain strains of oral bacteria may lead to heart problems. Some types of bacteria found in the mouths of dogs produce sticky proteins that can adhere to artery walls, causing them to thicken. Mouth bacteria are also known to promote the formation of blood clots that can damage the heart.
Tips to help keep your pet’s teeth and gums in great shape
Your pet’s diet plays a significant role in the amount of calculus she collects on her teeth. Raw diets — even prepared, ground raw diets — help control tartar. Raw ground bone is a gentle dental abrasive that acts like fine sandpaper when chewed, which helps remove debris stuck on teeth.
The meat contains natural enzymes, and in addition, raw food doesn’t stick to teeth, unlike starchy kibble. It's a complete myth that kibble helps keep your pet's teeth clean. Kibble is no better for your pet’s teeth than crunchy human food is for your teeth. That being said, even raw fed pets acquire plaque and tartar, so don’t assume food alone will save your pet from dental disease.
Additionally, there are a few supplements that research shows improves gum health and the oral microbiome, including ubiquinol and probiotics. Adding these supplements to your pet’s protocol can improve his oral defenses and reduce the rate at which degeneration occurs.
2. Soft Raw Bones
For dogs, chewinglays an important role in removing plaque and calculus from their teeth. Even though there are plenty of toys and food on the market that can be of some help, Soft Raw Bones are really the best option, and few dogs, at least, will turn them down.
It's important the bones are raw, because cooked bones can splinter and damage your pet's gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The size depends on the size of your pet and whether she’s such an eager chewer that she risks injuring herself or even breaking teeth. Your dog should always be supervised when she’s working on a bone to minimize the risk of choking or tooth damage, and raw bones should be refrigerated between chewing sessions.
3. Daily brushing.
Brush your pet’s teeth, preferably every day. A little time spent each day brushing your dog’s or cat’s teeth can reap tremendous rewards in terms of his oral health and overall well-being.
4. Regular at-home mouth inspections.
Your pet should allow you to open his mouth, look inside and feel around for loose teeth or unusual lumps or bumps on the tongue, under the tongue, along the gum line and across the roof. After you do this a few times, you’ll become aware of any changes that occur from one inspection to the next. You should also make note of any difference in the smell of your pet’s breath that isn’t diet-related.
5. Veterinary checkups.
Arrange for regular oral exams performed by your vet. He or she will alert you to any existing or potential problems in your pet’s mouth, and recommend professional teeth cleaning, if necessary.
If you’re conscientious about your pet’s dental home care and she doesn’t have any special situations that predispose her to calculus build-up or other dental issues, she may never need a professional cleaning by a vet. However, pets with extreme calculus build-up, badly inflamed gums or oral infections need extra help.
This article and information forms part of the Carole's Doggie World Holistic Library and is presented for informational purposes only.The information is not intended to be a substitute for visits to your local vet. Instead, the content offers the reader information researched and written by Carole Curtis for www.carolesdoggieworld.com